The term “scientific problem” has several interpretations. One can regard it as an established contradiction arising between the unknown and the known, on the resolution of which the development of discipline or the branch of science depends. The formulation of the problem helps to determine the direction of the scientific research of the dissertation. She has the opportunity to point to an unknown direction and encourages the candidate to study it and decide.
The staging of a scientific problem involves the following stages:
Identify the need for a scientific problem. This stage depends entirely on the personal qualities of the candidate. If he decided to become a candidate of science, then the problem for research is sure to be found. This can be helped by ordinary observation. Not all candidates of sciences were born with a problem in the head, but for each of them there was a little studied field of science. In addition to this, everyone who has set a goal, has necessarily achieved it.
If the work is connected with the development of a new device, then, perhaps, this fact can help to identify the problem, for its practical solution and implementation.
The definition of the core of the scientific problem and novelty. This stage is considered the key, on which depends the meaning of the dissertation research. For example, if the applicant conducts laboratory tests, and an unusual phenomenon is established, which is connected, with increasing physical quantity, intensity of radiation, force, then, after finding out the reason why this phenomenon occurred, one can go to the scientific novelty of the work and explain that it was proved experimentally. The erroneous assumption that the new device was obtained as a result of using a well-known mathematical apparatus or methods. In this case, it is hardly possible to say about scientific novelty. In the case of developing a new calculation method, then it could be used as an evidence base, and the method would enter the scientific novelty of the work.
Expansion of the scope of the subject of research. The goal of the stage is to approximate the boundaries of the object of study, the object, the methods. It is important to identify adjacent areas with the subject of research.
Formulation of the scientific problem. After all the steps are completed, it is not difficult to correctly identify the problem.